New York – Women are underrepresented in senior management roles, even when they are the highest paid, a report says.
The report, published Wednesday by the Human Resources Institute, shows that even when the most senior executive is women, women have fewer senior executive roles and fewer senior leadership roles, compared with men.
The number of women in the senior management ranks is down from 10% in 2003 to 8% in 2017.
Among senior managers, men have about 10% of senior leadership positions, and women have about 6% of them, according to the report.
Among all senior leadership jobs, women make up about 4% of those in management, and men make up 4% to 5% in those positions, the report said.
The institute also said women are less likely to be promoted than men to the top levels of management.
Women make up 6% to 8%, while men make about 9% to 10%.
Women make a lower share of top management jobs, and the share of women is about 8% for those jobs, the institute said.
While women are making up more of senior executive positions, their share is lower than that of men.
Women in senior leadership make up 8% to 9%, while the share for men is 10%, the report says, noting that women’s share is higher for the executive branch.
The Institute on Gender in Leadership said in the report that it found a gender gap in senior executive leadership in executive roles in the United States.
“While we are not able to attribute gender to the gender gap, our study provides a glimpse into the extent of the gap and suggests that the gap may be larger than many realize,” the report stated.
The report also found that the pay gap between men and women has narrowed in recent years. “
A recent study conducted by the Center for American Progress found that in the federal government, female workers earn only 57% of the median pay for their jobs, compared to 78% of male workers.”
The report also found that the pay gap between men and women has narrowed in recent years.
“The Institute on Women in Leadership at the University of California, San Diego, found that women in leadership positions earn 81 cents for the same job in the private sector. “
Women still make 77 cents for every dollar men earn, but that gap has narrowed to $3.03 for every $1.00 earned by women compared to $2.50 for every one dollar earned by men,” it said.
“The Institute on Women in Leadership at the University of California, San Diego, found that women in leadership positions earn 81 cents for the same job in the private sector.
Women have also been making strides in their representation in the executive leadership ranks, as the institute found that of the top 100 executives in the U, men earned 93% of executive leadership positions and women made up 4%.”
While women still make 78 cents for each dollar men make, that gap in the last decade has narrowed significantly to 77 cents,” the study said.
Among women, men make 72 cents for a full-time job and women earn 79 cents for full-year jobs, while men earn 87 cents for part-time work and women make 85 cents for 12-month jobs, it said, adding that there is “no evidence that the rise of women as leaders in the workplace has been a result of a lack of women being promoted.”
“One factor that could account for the gap is the fact that many women are not in leadership roles and thus are not compensated for their work in these roles. “
Despite these differences, the gap in pay persists,” the paper states.
“One factor that could account for the gap is the fact that many women are not in leadership roles and thus are not compensated for their work in these roles.
The pay gap can also result from the fact women are more likely to have children and are therefore less likely than men who work in leadership to stay in the workforce long term.”
We need to pay greater attention to the fact the pay disparities are widening and to increase the diversity of leadership roles in our economy,” it concluded.
The study did not address gender disparities in pay in other sectors.
It noted that the federal minimum wage is currently $7.25 per hour.
It said that the report did not compare the federal hourly wage with the hourly wage of workers in states with higher minimum wages, such as California and New York, and in other states where the federal wage is higher.
The Federal Reserve Board has set the minimum wage at $7 per hour for employees of federal contractors.